Liquid crystalline order seen in objects of daily life.
nematic (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
smectic A (1) (2) (3) (4)
isotropic (1) (2) (3)
banana LC phase
discoid nematic (1) (2)
hexagonal discotic (1) (2)
Hexagonal columnar phases are the most common discotic phases.
The discovery by Chandrasekhar was a small revolution in LC research: